The premise of an electric car has existed for over a century. These motors
offer superior torque while being much quieter and more efficient than
their gasoline counterparts. However, current technology does not make it
easy to produce and store electrical energy efficiently enough to displace
gasoline. Even the best batteries using current technology are very heavy
and cannot hold enough charge to give a car adequate range. Add to the fact
that electrical charging stations are not an existing reality and would
require a major infrastructure investment and it is clear why hybrids
continue to persist. Hybrid vehicles are both gasoline and electric, using
their batteries for short trips and gasoline engines for longer ones.
However, this does not eliminate the need for gasoline fuel, and many see
it as a poor solution to the problem.
One option that is hoped will eventually enter the general market is the
development of a solar powered car. Solar powered cars have been in various
experimental forms for decades, with many models being produced for speed
and endurance races. The problem with most these cars, however, is that
they must either only move when the sun is out or else contain a very large
battery. This adds to their weight, making solar cars impractical.
Current technology does not enable solar cars to be light enough to travel
while storing enough energy to move on cloudy days. It is hoped that solar
powered cars of the future will be able to recharge from the socket as well
as sunlight, to improve range.
This does not mean that electric cars are totally off the market, though.
The fastest car on this category to enter the general consumer market is
the Tesla electric car. Built on the frame of a Lotus Elise, the Tesla is
capable of traveling at over 150 mph – making it the fastest electric car
not developed for racing. Tesla has announced that their next car will be a
general consumer vehicle, but they promise to defend their position as the
maker of the world’s fastest electric car.
Electric Cars Pros:
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Gasoline Car Pros:
Gasoline Car Cons: